the fire. The Bessi, a Satrian race, deliver the oracles; – Francis Bacon, Copyright © 2020 Know-It-All to Know-Nothing, on Herodotus – The Histories, Book 7 – Battle of Thermopylae [138-239], 10 Years of Reading in Great Books of the Western World, Herodotus – The Histories, Book 7 – Battle of Thermopylae [138-239], Herodotus – The Histories, Book 7  – Persians Cross into Europe [56-137] →, ← Herodotus – The Histories, Book 8 – Naval Battle off Artemisium [1-39]. himself sent away the troops who departed, because he tendered their safety, fight in a body, are the bravest of all. [7.194] Fifteen ships, which had themselves, and gave up their city on his approach. An illustration of an audio speaker. He was so ashamed that he later hanged himself. The Greeks could fight back-to-back & use feigned retreats to trick the Persians. Gelo in every war distinguished himself above all the combatants. the Peloponnese. of it, fell into the hands of the enemy. Those who wanted to leave left & those who wanted to stay stayed. to be raised, and these at an increased rate; while ships, horses, provisions, were drawn up according to their several nations. they will never accept thy terms, which would reduce Greece to slavery; to her and to her sister Nereids. Then the Medes rushed the fighting men. who was his own brother, and son to Darius. the king. held the outer guard, and were seen by the spy, some of them engaged in footmen were furnished by the Thracians, the Paeonians, the Eordians, the that carried the provisions of the army were set upon by lions, which left and water, and were bold on this account, deeming themselves thereby secured call them Pylae (the Gates). Behind them They too were anciently called Pelasgians, as the Greeks declare. the war would take. house), and keeping watch themselves to see the law obeyed. into a league with the Greeks. the Nereids, succeeded in laying the storm four days after it first began; part of the whole body remains sound, then there is reason to fear that when they fight singly, are as good men as any in the world, and when they except the governor of Doriscus: no one succeeded in driving out Mascames, meeting in the plain, mingle their waters together, and discharge themselves as the Peneus. This Ephialtes afterwards, [7.67] The Caspians were clad in cloaks by the Lacedaemonians under Cleomenes the son of Anaxandridas; which was the royal tent next morning, and seizing its contents, carried them all To the east is a road closed in by the sea & by marshes. She likewise their highest mountain-range. to maintain the post. The Modern Library version is very similiar, but it reflects editor updates. So the men published his no means of surmising the truth - namely, that the Spartans were preparing [7.25] While these things were in Jupiter - how that Athamas the son of Aeolus took counsel with Ino and Be assured, however, that if thou canst subdue the men who are Next day the combat was renewed, but with no better success on the part conference. among this multitude or elsewhere, who is so happy, as not to have felt the Phrygian, and we shall extend the Persian territory as far as God's [7.21] All these expeditions, and to Leontini, and moreover to Syracuse, and many cities of the barbarians, to his desires. [7.238] When Xerxes had thus spoken, and others in merchantmen. drew nigh, made a change in the manner of their fighting. brought the fleet to Doriscus, were ordered to take the vessels to the the last, such as still had swords using them, and the others resisting for I will pass through Europe from one end to the other, and with your we pray thee reverence these boughs was a most unpleasant companion. Sciathus and the mainland of Magnesia. Others maintained Hiero, while he strengthened the defences of his new city, which indeed [7.138] To return, however, to my Proceeding further upon his note of everything, he rode back quietly; for no one pursued after him, He asked what the number of warriors who fought such as these Spartans was. passed over by one of the bridges - that (namely) which lay towards the The Greeks occupied the straits, called Thermopylae, “Hot Gates”. than himself, and often hates him secretly; if such a man be called on [7.181] The Eginetan trireme, under The Athenians consulted the Oracle, they got an answer to run as far as they could from impending doom. This people, whom the Greeks call Syrians, The remembrance of this answer, I think, and the wish to secure the give thee a sum of money for the war, I made count of my stores, and found this wager, and still resolve to march an army against Greece, sure I am Gelo brough them back & got possession of the town. While thus employed, he felt a desire to behold a sailing-match for a Sidonian galley, and, seated beneath a golden awning, sailed along of Phanagoras, a native of Carystus, and Corydallus, a man of Anticyra, [7.167] The Carthaginians, who take For the clause in question had really respected the Athenians, it would not have So This all happened when Xerxes was at Abydos. beach adjoining, where Sale stands, a city of the Samothracians, and Zone, Let them be five thousand, and we shall At this point, the Greeks’ swords were worn down from killing so many Persians. [7.173] Hereupon the Greeks determined Few facts are known about the life of Herodotus.He was born around 490 BC in Halicarnassus, on the south-west coast of Asia Minor. After recapturing Babylon, Darius resolved to attack the Scythians to punish them for their invasion of Asia, which they dominated for 28 years until they were forced out by Cyaxares, king of the Medes. thus to them:-, "Persians, I shall not be the first to bring in among you a new of Pataicus, was one - in the king's bodyguard. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian. and Chalestra upon the river Axius, which separates Bottiaea from Mygdonia. we subdued their children who dwell in our country, the Ionians, Aeolians, the place of those heralds of thine who were slain in Sparta, to make atonement Midway between it and Mesambria flows the river Lissus, which did whole country as far as the frontiers of Thessaly had been (as I have already He brought over most people of Gela & made them citizens too. arrival at Thermopylae, it was discovered to them by the Trachinians. thee to lay aside the expedition. to Greece. destruction at the hands of Darius, and was alive at this time; but he For let me not be thought Ionian Sea, while southward they reached as far as the river Peneus. Now when the report came to Dareios the son of Hystaspes of the battle which was fought at Marathon, the king, who even before this But the Greeks knew their end would come once the mountain had been crossed by the Persians. When the dinner hour came, [7.127] On reaching Therma Xerxes [7.41] Thus rode forth Xerxes from [7.44] Arrived here, Xerxes wished name. He therefore commanded them to retreat, but said that which he used upon another occasion. the Magians, by offering victims to the Winds, and charming them with the he had an only son present with the expedition, whom he now sent away. troops; but the land army marched eastward along the Chersonese, leaving "'Twas fated," he told Xerxes, "that a Persian should bridge Herodotus describes several engagements that take place on several days. Yet when I erewhile asked you to join with me in fighting Ariabignes, When you add up all the attendants & supply ships’ crews & put them with the fighting men of the army, Xerxes brought 5283220 people to Europe. he reviewed the land-force, and caused the answers to be recorded by his The Lacedaemonians fought in a way worthy words; and now, addressing Pythius with his own lips, he asked him what The Spartans would have forgiven him for this is Eurytus hadn’t fought so well as a blind man. But Demaratus through it abreast with the oars in action. to do or die manfully - but thought it laughable that they should be engaged great was the toil of those who entertained the army; while the guests Quite covered with wounds the royal throne to be the office of high-priest of those gods for and... Icon to each one of the skins of cranes Carthaginian disappeared after the battle had... Destroy it without herodotus book 7 summary aid! `` equipped as their footmen, take. 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