"So then no one in the future can do what he did and claim innocence.". Why did ordinary people commit atrocities in the Holocaust? Video, Fauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine, Can face masks help people sing together again? Published on Apr 22, 2015 Former Nazi SS guard and Auschwitz concentration camp accountant Oskar Gröning has been charged with complicity in the … Oskar Groening spoke at the beginning of his trial for being an accessory to the murder of at least 300,000 Jews at the concentration camp. The nonagenarian has achieved notoriety as one of the few Germans to speak out about their role in the genocide, a decision he say he took to stop Holocaust deniers. © 2020 BBC. He even described the vodka bottles. Germany's Federal Court of Justice (BGH) upheld the acquittal 47 years ago of an SS dentist at Auschwitz, arguing that working at the death camp or knowing about the mass murders was not sufficient proof of guilt. Video, 'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted. Oskar Groening interview from a 2005 BBC documentary Age poses a challenge for prosecutors trying to bring suspected Nazi war criminals to … "I was on the ramp when the selections [for the gas chambers] took place. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Now 93, he goes on trial Tuesday in a state court in the northern … Widowed penguins hug in award-winning photo, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Trump pardons: Paul Manafort, Roger Stone and Charles Kushner granted clemency.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Stella Tennant: Model dies days after 50th birthday2, Trump vetoes 'unconstitutional' defence bill3, Muslim-Canadian's 'first Christmas' goes viral4, Pete Evans: Facebook removes celebrity chef's page over conspiracies5, Twitter to wipe Trump's followers before Biden handover6, Gal Gadot defends Cleopatra casting after 'whitewashing' controversy7, Deepfake queen to deliver Channel 4 Christmas message8, UN criticises Trump's pardons for Blackwater guards jailed over Iraq killings9, UK has two cases of variant linked to South Africa10. playCan face masks help people sing together again? VideoStranded at sea: Survivors' stories, play'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted. This is expected to be one of the final trials for Nazi war crimes. It was first televised on BBC Two on 11 January 2005. Video'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted, The lawyer who fought for women’s suffrage in India, TV networks backtrack on US voter fraud claims, The blogger scouring the past to inform the future, playFauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine. Video. Is Oskar Groening even his real name, it isn't listed in the telephone book. The 93-year-old is charged with 300,000 counts of accessory to murder. Oskar Groening had been at Auschwitz for only a few days when he first saw a transport of Jews arrive. The fear that deniers could gain the upper hand led an SS camp guard, Oskar Groening, to break a lifetime of silence earlier this year in a BBC documentary, Auschwitz: The Nazis and the Final Solution. Groening testified at that trial that he oversaw the collection of prisoners' belongings and ensured valuables and cash were separated to be sent to Berlin. Read about our approach to external linking. A former Nazi death camp guard is going on trial in Germany charged with at least 300,000 counts of accessory to murder. Addressing the judges, Mr Groening also said: "I ask for forgiveness. It combined interviews with former inmates and guards with authentic re-enactments of relevant events. Oskar Groening, dubbed the 'bookkeeper of Auschwitz', is taking the stand for a second day. Mr Groening, who began work at Auschwitz aged 21, has always maintained that his role as a guard was not a crime. … However, following a recent ruling, prosecutors believe a conviction may be possible simply because he worked at the camp. Auschwitz: The Nazis and 'The Final Solution' is a BBC six-episode documentary film series presenting the story of Auschwitz concentration camp. The survivors watched him impassively but their younger relatives shook their heads in disbelief as he recounted his arrival at the camp as a young SS guard. The pair were seen embracing as they met in the courtroom. Eva Kor, 81, arrived in Lueneburg to give evidence at the trial of Oskar Groening, 93 – known as the 'bookkeeper of Auschwitz'. Did Oskar Gröning say “I saw the gas chambers” and did the BBC lie? One of the black-uniformed men on the ramp was likely SS guard Oskar Groening. "I saw the gas chambers. The SS man left the camp after two years. March 12, … Oskar Gröning (10 de junho de 1921 – 9 de março de 2018 [1]) foi um ex-oficial da Schutzstaffel (SS) que serviu no exército alemão no campo de concentração de Auschwitz.Suas responsabilidades incluíam contar e classificar o dinheiro retirado dos prisioneiros recém chegados. As they drank the officers told him that the camp was for deported Jews. “He kind of exposed himself,” says the Canadian-born director. Can face masks help people sing together again? "This is a very dramatic and significant change in German prosecution policy," Mr Zuroff, the head of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Israel, told the BBC. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. What happens to your body in extreme heat? I saw the open fires. Video, Fauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine, Can face masks help people sing together again? I saw the crematoria," he told the BBC in the 2005 documentary Auschwitz: the Nazis and the "Final Solution". Video. That those Jewish prisoners would be killed and disposed of. Oskar Groening, now 93, … [2] Em algumas ocasiões, testemunhou os procedimentos de matança em massa no campo. The turning point came in 2011, when former Ohio car factory worker John Demjanjuk became the first person convicted in Germany for serving as a death camp guard without any evidence of being involved in a specific killing. Can face masks help people sing together again? The Holocaust Oskar Groening interview from a 2005 BBC documentary A 93-year-old former Nazi SS guard, known as the "Bookkeeper of Auschwitz", has admitted he is "morally" guilty. Video, 'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted, Fauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine. Germany’s justice authorities were able to pursue Mr Gröning with ease because he appeared in a BBC documentary about Auschwitz in 2005. Auschwitz guard trial: Oskar Groening admits 'moral guilt', Stranded at sea: Survivors' stories. Convicted Auschwitz guard Oskar Groening pleads for ... - BBC Oskar Groen… The interview, said Groening is the "first time in 60 years that I am publicly talking about my time in Auschwitz." FILE – The Jan 17, 2005 file photo rails in the former Nazi death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in Oswiecim, southern Poland. "If you can describe that as guilt, then I am guilty, but not voluntarily. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A German federal court has upheld the conviction of Auschwitz death camp guard Oskar Groening, who admitted witnessing murders but not taking part. Oskar Gröning (10 June 1921 – 9 March 2018) was a German SS Unterscharführer who was stationed at the Auschwitz concentration camp.His responsibilities included counting and sorting the money taken from prisoners, and he was in charge of the personal property of arriving prisoners. Groening, 95, who was known as "the bookkeeper of Auschwitz", had appealed against a four-year jail term handed down for being accessory to murder. Dreimal will Oskar Gröning um Versetzung gebeten haben - weg von seinem Posten in der Verwaltung des Konzentrationslagers Auschwitz. For decades, thousands of ex-Nazis who took part in the Holocaust escaped conviction. VideoFauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine. Widowed penguins hug in award-winning photo. playCan face masks help people sing together again? Oskar Groening interview from a 2005 BBC documentary The turning point came in 2011, when former Ohio car factory worker John Demjanjuk became the … Video'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted, The lawyer who fought for women’s suffrage in India, TV networks backtrack on US voter fraud claims, The blogger scouring the past to inform the future, playFauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine. Oskar Groening looked frail as he entered the courtroom leaning on a walking frame. How did one Englishman save 669 children from the Holocaust? .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Trump pardons: Paul Manafort, Roger Stone and Charles Kushner granted clemency.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Brexit: UK-EU trade talks continue ahead of expected deal2, Stella Tennant: Model dies days after 50th birthday3, Trump vetoes 'unconstitutional' defence bill4, Pete Evans: Facebook removes celebrity chef's page over conspiracies5, UK has two cases of variant linked to South Africa6, Muslim-Canadian's 'first Christmas' goes viral7, Twitter to wipe Trump's followers before Biden handover8, Brexit: How do voters now feel about it?9, Five families, five Christmases: A festive season like no other around Europe10. Oskar Groening, who was convicted as an accomplice to the deaths of over 300,000 Jews in Auschwitz, died in a hospital on March 12. VideoCan face masks help people sing together again? © 2020 BBC. .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}The verdict overturns a 1969 ruling that being a staff member at Auschwitz was not enough to secure a conviction. Video, 'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted. If found guilty he could face three to 15 years in prison. "I saw the gas chambers. Much of his testimony described his attempts to achieve his ambition of being an SS "executive", to work as a bookkeeper for the Nazis. He sentenced him for being an accessory to the murder of 300,000 Jews even though there was no evidence of involvement in a specific killing. At the original trial in Lueneburg, presiding Judge Franz Kompisch said Groening was part of the "machinery of death", helping the camp function smoothly and also collecting money stolen from the victims to help the Nazi cause. But Demjanjuk, who always denied serving at the Sobibor camp, died in 2012 before his appeal could be heard, so the Federal Court of Justice did not at the time reverse its 1969 ruling. When Gröning gave his BBC interview in 2005, the German judiciary agreed with him. Legally speaking, I am innocent," he told Der Spiegel in 2005. ", .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}Profile: Oskar Groening, 'Bookkeeper of Auschwitz'. Trump pardons: Paul Manafort, Roger Stone and Charles Kushner granted clemency, Stella Tennant: Model dies days after 50th birthday, Muslim-Canadian's 'first Christmas' goes viral, Pete Evans: Facebook removes celebrity chef's page over conspiracies, Twitter to wipe Trump's followers before Biden handover, Gal Gadot defends Cleopatra casting after 'whitewashing' controversy, Deepfake queen to deliver Channel 4 Christmas message, UN criticises Trump's pardons for Blackwater guards jailed over Iraq killings, UK has two cases of variant linked to South Africa. Oskar Groening, 93, was charged in a Hanover court earlier this week. Two key allies jailed over the Russia inquiry benefit from the latest wave of presidential pardons. The legal consensus from the establishment of the new Germany in 1949 all the way to 2011 was this: Auschwitz itself was no more than a camp—whether any crimes happened there depended on what could be proved about the actions of individuals who worked there. Charges brought against him in the 1980s were dropped because of a lack of evidence of his personal involvement. UK-EU trade talks continue ahead of expected deal, Five families; five very unusual Christmases, A Covid lockdown and 200,000 unplanned babies, .css-q4by3k-IconContainer{display:none;height:1em;width:1em;vertical-align:-0.125em;margin-right:0.25em;}playStranded at sea: Survivors' stories. Seventy years after the liberation of Auschwitz, a former guard is on trial. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Auschwitz guard trial: Oskar Groening admits 'moral guilt', .css-q4by3k-IconContainer{display:none;height:1em;width:1em;vertical-align:-0.125em;margin-right:0.25em;}playOskar Groening on Nazi ideology, Trump pardons former advisers Stone and Manafort. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A 93-year-old former Nazi SS guard, known as the "Bookkeeper of Auschwitz", has admitted he is "morally" guilty. Read about our approach to external linking. Once called "the accountant of Auschwitz," he was responsible for counting the money taken from the luggage of murdered Jews from 1942 to 1944 and sending it back to SS headquarters in Berlin. A court upholds the conviction of Auschwitz guard Oskar Groening, in a major reversal of German policy. I share morally in the guilt but whether I am guilty under criminal law, you will have to decide.''. I saw the crematoria. 2:30. VideoCan face masks help people sing together again? A former Nazi death camp guard is going on trial in Germany charged with at least 300,000 counts of accessory to murder. Or, in the Auschwitz series, an interview with the former guard Oskar Groening who insisted repeatedly and seemingly shamelessly that it hadn't … Trump pardons: Paul Manafort, Roger Stone and Charles Kushner granted clemency, Brexit: UK-EU trade talks continue ahead of expected deal, Stella Tennant: Model dies days after 50th birthday, Trump vetoes 'unconstitutional' defence bill, Pete Evans: Facebook removes celebrity chef's page over conspiracies, UK has two cases of variant linked to South Africa, Muslim-Canadian's 'first Christmas' goes viral, Twitter to wipe Trump's followers before Biden handover, Five families, five Christmases: A festive season like no other around Europe, Profile: Oskar Groening, 'Bookkeeper of Auschwitz'. Campaigners said the federal court's ruling also cleared the way for prosecutions of ex-members of the Nazi mobile death squads known as Einsatzgruppen, which operated in Eastern Europe. VideoStranded at sea: Survivors' stories, play'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted. Oskar Groening interview from a 2005 BBC documentary Age poses a challenge for prosecutors trying to bring suspected Nazi war criminals to justice. One of the black-uniformed men on the ramp was likely SS guard Oskar Groening. Groening was found innocent by a war crimes court in 1948 and testified against numerous other officers in post-war trials. Groening, pictured in his S.S. uniform, was on duty in Auschwitz during a 48-day period in 1944 when 300,000 Hungarian Jews were shipped there, most of them gassed within hours of arrival Mr Groening served at Auschwitz between May and June 1944, when some 425,000 Jews from Hungary were brought there and at least 300,000 almost immediately gassed to death. Oskar Groening, now 93, … More than 70 years have passed since the.. Oskar Groening interview from a 2005 BBC documentary A former guard at the Auschwitz death camp has submitted a request for mercy to avoid jail in Germany. "What I hope to hear is that aiding in the killing machinery is going to be considered as a crime," Auschwitz survivor Hedy Bohm told Reuters news agency. He'd been plied with vodka by officers there, he said. Construction began in 1940 on site that grew to 40 sq km (15 sq miles), About one million Jews were killed at the camp, Other victims included Roma (Gypsies), disabled people, homosexuals, dissidents, non-Jewish Poles and Soviet prisoners. Prosecutors will now have to decide whether Groening is in good enough health to serve the sentence. He had agreed—after a great deal of persuading—to give an interview for the BBC/PBS documentary series ‘Auschwitz: The Nazis and the ‘Final Solution,’ that I wrote and produced. Ironically, Gröning stood out because of a chilling interview he had given to the BBC in 2005, to refute Holocaust deniers. Profile: Oskar Groening, 'book-keeper of Auschwitz', Stranded at sea: Survivors' stories. VideoFauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine. Two key allies jailed over the Russia inquiry benefit from the latest wave of presidential pardons. They believe at least eight suspects could now be accused of murder because their membership of the death squads would be sufficient proof. Video, 'Irreparable damage': Italy's ski resorts deserted, Fauci hopes to encourage others by getting vaccine. But there were haunting moments too; for a little while we saw the horrors of Auschwitz through his eyes. He described his role of counting money confiscated from new arrivals and said he witnessed mass killings, but denied any direct role in the genocide. Monday's ruling sets a precedent for pursuing suspects, now in their nineties, accused of serving in death camps. ... 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