Authorship disputes persist despite the current common efforts to make authorship or contributorship transparent. Reasons for this practice are usually that the manuscript is outside the scope of the journal, does not meet the journal’s quality standards or is of limited scientific merit, or lacks originality or novel information. Sports Science Editing In 2003, the “Statement on Scientific Publication and Security”23 was published by a group of editors simultaneously in Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nature, and the American Society for Microbiology journals. The NSABB and organizations around the world have entered into dialogues with all stakeholders to find ways to ensure that science continues to be done and communicated in an unfettered way, while being mindful of and minimizing the risks and consequences of misuse. In the United States, the National Policy on the Transfer of Scientific, Technical, and Engineering Information, issued in 1985 (National Security Decision Directive-189),21 states that, to the maximum extent possible, federally funded fundamental research that is unclassified will not have government-imposed restrictions on its conduct or reporting. Many biomedical journals operate according to the standards established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).27 It is the editors’ responsibility to publish their authorship criteria (in print and/or electronic media) and then to enforce these standards by collecting relevant documentation from authors. However, this list is not comprehensive. National policy on the transfer of scientific, technical, and engineering information. Many members of our research paper editing and proofreading team focus on journal editing, manuscript editing, scientific manuscript editing, academic proofreading, academic editing, dissertation proofreading services, professional proofreading, thesis editing services and scientific proofreading, assisting authors with articles that will be submitted to scientific and academic journals by ensuring that the formatting and references in their manuscripts conform to the relevant guidelines with precision and by correcting grammar, punctuation, spelling and typing errors to enable the clear and accurate communication of original research that acquisitions editors expect in publishable papers. Describe and provide copies of any similar works in process. Terms of reference for animal care committees. Indirect: An author is being considered for a research grant and publication of an article favorable to the company reviewing the grant may influence the award. Editors should strive for fairness and impartiality in their policies. Whether you are preparing a conference or class presentation, putting the final touches to a professional report for colleagues or tackling the challenging task of editing any kind of academic or scientific document for publication, a qualified member of our outstanding proofreading and editing team will be delighted to provide proofreading and editing services and boost your confidence in your written work. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of editors with similar occupations. There may be times when it is appropriate to “encourage investigators to communicate results of research in ways that maximize public benefits and minimize risks of misuse.” In rare cases, some information needed to reproduce the experiment should be eliminated or the manuscript itself should not be published. An editor will rely on the opinions, commentary and recommendations of the experts he or she has chosen as peer reviewers, but the final decisions regarding whether a paper should be rejected, accepted or revised lie with the editor alone. 2) Read copy or proof to detect and correct errors in spelling, punctuation, and syntax. Philosophy Editing Medical Editing Services Junior editors on the same title might be in charge of sections, such as sport, fashion or news. Academics and scientists are busy too: some may not reply at once, others may not be able to accept the invitation to peer review and still others may accept the invitation initially, but ultimately not be able to do the work. A resource that provides information about many of the reporting guidelines is the EQUATOR network.13. Generally, editors of journals with embargo policies should enforce them to encourage the confidentiality of publication content until the embargo release date, unless the editor is authorized by the copyright owner or required by law to disclose the information. What to do if you suspect redundant (duplicate) publication – Suspected redundant publication in a published article (flowchart). Available at: Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Although the editor is not solely responsible for monitoring possible failure to meet legal or ethical research and publication standards, it is within his or her responsibilities to create and enforce policies that encourage good publication practices.44 Sample correspondence related to this topic is available on the CSE website.18 When allegations and/or findings of misconduct are presented, the editor will be faced with some level of responsibility for investigating, judging, and/or penalizing the author for these lapses. A publishing editor's main responsibility is for the style and content of the publication. Editors are responsible for monitoring and ensuring the fairness, timeliness, thoroughness, and civility of the peer-review editorial process. It often takes a considerable amount of time to choose the right experts to act as peer reviewers, contact those individuals and arrange for review reports to be completed by a set deadline. Providing a mechanism for a further discussion on the scientific merits of a paper, such as by publishing letters to the editor, inviting commentaries, article blogs, or soliciting other forms of public discourse, Explicitly stating journal policies regarding ethics, embargo, submission and publication fees, and accessibility of content (freely available versus subscriber only), Working with the publisher to attract the best manuscripts and research that will be of interest to readers, In some instances, a publisher may put pressure on an editor to publish a review or article in an effort to increase reprint sales. The Write Stuff. (Authorship: Diane Scott-Lichter and Deborah Polly took the lead in writing this section of the white paper on behalf of the CSE Editorial Policy Committee. Publish original, important, well-documented, peer-reviewed articles on a diverse range of scientific topics of interest to the readership. Some editors will also check for plagiarism and other forms of intellectual misconduct. Conflicts of interest may be only potential or perceived, or they may be factual. A copy editor makes sure that a text is readable, accurate and ready for publication. Available at: Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). In such case, there is no direct relationship between the evaluation and a personal gain the investigator may anticipate. 2: Short Course for Editors: everything you always wanted (and need) to know about journal editing, but couldn’t find anyone to ask. Grant Application Editing The following forms of citation manipulation (for the purpose of increasing citation rates) have been reported:15, 30-37. Determine whether the decision was clearly explained to the author and whether it may have been based on wrong or questionable information, for example, on an incorrect reading of the manuscript or on bad advice from a reviewer. Although preprint servers have been a part of the scientific community for many years, the use of preprint servers is becoming an increasingly common practice for authors, in a number of fields, and more journals are willing to consider papers posted on these servers. Reconsider rejected manuscripts if the author provides good reasons why the decision may have been wrong and is willing to revise the manuscript in response to the valid comments of the reviewers and editors. find out more about our scientific editing services across all scientific fields. Communicate publication guidelines and policies (e.g., Instructions for Authors, Instructions for Reviewers, ethical guidelines, editorial board reports, Editorials). Preside at annual meetings of the editorial board and the executive committees. Peer review by external referees with the proper expertise is the most common method to ensure manuscript quality. Bioscience Editing Importantly, these considerations are most relevant to situations where the editor has decision-making authority over manuscripts for more than one journal and/or influence on more than one journal’s editorial policies. Dissertation Editing Services Available at: http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/sites/default/files/JPET_copyright_form.pdf (Accessed November 20, 2019). Hiring Managing Editor job description Post this Managing Editor job description job ad to 18+ free job boards with one submission. Available at: http://annals.org/aim/pages/authors (Accessed November 20, 2019). This may generate strong temptation to inappropriately increase citations, something that is referred to as citation manipulation or citation gaming. Journals should have a mechanism – consistent with established industry standards – to safely store, archive, and/or destroy paper and electronic manuscript review files and related content. Political Science Editing Some specific types of conflict of interest are mentioned below. This role also involves the supporting the Executive Editor in the day-to-day running of the Editorial Office, and providing support to the Editor-in-Chief and other Editorial Board members on special projects relating to the goals of the journal. Referees are chosen by the editors or by associate editors or members of the editorial board to whom the task has been delegated. Additionally, the editor and the publisher have a responsibility to inform readers and secondary services of work formally proven to be plagiarized, fabricated, or falsified.45-48 Sample correspondence related to this topic is available on the CSE website.18. Despite some job growth in online media, declines in traditional print magazines and newspapers will temper employment growth. Direct: A reviewer gains key knowledge by evaluating a competing research team’s work and uses it prior to the publication of the work but does not cite it in his/her own patent application. What to do if a reader suspects undisclosed conflict of interest (CoI) in a published article (flowchart). Available at: Journal Editors and Authors Group. The Journal of Urology Editor Job Description -2020 . Available at: Council of Science Editors. If a person serving as editor-in-chief is unable to complete the current term, [number] months’ notice should be provided. Identification and consideration of DURC throughout the research continuum before submission of manuscripts for publication is an important early step. 2006;3(6):e291. 2001;29:365-371. These mega journals can have editorial boards that include thousands of editors. The ICMJE29 states: “Editors should publish this information if they believe it is important in judging the manuscript.” This approach gives the editor the discretion to decide whether the potential conflict is significant enough to reveal. Agricultural Science Editing Economics Editing Available at: http://www.pnas.org/misc/iforc.shtml (Accessed November 11, 2019). A reviewer with strong feelings on a controversial topic might be partial to or biased against a manuscript on the topic and want to publish or reject it regardless of scientific merit. Editors may attend the Editorial Board meetings occasionally scheduled by the Editorial Office for taking part in the discussion for the improvement of the Journal. Editors should monitor the number and types of errors that appear in their journals. Disclosing all relevant potential conflicts of interest of those involved in considering a manuscript or affirming that none exist. Research Paper Editing The Editor-in-Chief works with the ACS … Available at: http://www.neurology.org/authorship-and-disclosures (Accessed November 20, 2019). State all sources of funding for research and include this information in the acknowledgment section of the submitted manuscript. THE JOB DESCRIPTION. Editorial assistants are usually considered for editor jobs, but they still need to gain more experience in journalism and/or publishing in order to be considered for the position. Some journals attempt to mask the identities of both the authors and reviewers (double masked or double blind); however, although masked, the identity of the author(s) may be known by the reviewers based on the area of research. In scientific publishing, a preprint server is an online repository where research findings and data can be deposited before, during, or after the peer review process. Available at: Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Personal, political, financial, academic, or religious considerations can affect objectivity in numerous ways. Editors should take corrective measures when there is evidence of an increase in preventable errors. Social Sciences Editing Services The paper is likely to go through another cycle of review at that point, and there may be several cycles necessary before some articles are ready for publication. Citation manipulation refers to any systematic practice that inappropriately pressures authors to cite material with the primary goal of boosting citation rates. If you are in the process of preparing an article for an academic or scientific journal, or planning one for the near future, you may well be interested in a new book, Guide to Journal Publication, which is available on our Tips and Advice on Publishing Research in Journals website. Anybody involved in the peer-review process can become a party to citation manipulation. Though the role of an editor will vary based on the company and what type of medium they work with, editors often develop content ideas and assign stories to writers. In the context of the above, researchers should disclose all of their existing editorial board commitments when they are approached about taking on an additional editorial role and the editors who are recruiting them should take those other commitments into consideration. A Writer's Path From Manuscript to Print. What to do if you suspect plagiarism – Suspected plagiarism in a published article (flowchart). International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). dA sample copyright transfer agreement is available at: https://aacrjournals.org/sites/default/files/downloads/authors/copyright_form.pdf (Accessed November 11, 2019). Some journals may also request or require adherence to the following trial registration or reporting guidelines: fSome guidelines for registering clinical trials can be found at: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/292/11/1363 (Accessed November 11, 2019). The information was approved by the CSE Board of Directors on February 21, 2017 and was added to the White Paper on May 4, 2018). Job Description of an Associate Production Editor Associate production editors require some formal education. Provide copies of cited manuscripts that are submitted or in press. Journals should develop and define authorship or contributorship criteria to minimize confusion about expectations (see section 2.2). To establish and maintain high-quality journal content, an editor should, prior to accepting a position, receive an explicit written statement from the journal’s owner that defines the editor’s responsibilities and autonomy. US legal principles and confidentiality of the peer review process. Chemistry: https://chemrxiv.org/ A journal’s Instructions for Authors should define the criteria for authorship or contributorship, but editorial practices should be in place to consistently handle authorship disputes. As an editor, you will constantly be communicating. Editors often work for print publications, websites or a combination of both. Editors are responsible for promoting the integrity of the literature and fostering good publication practices. This review can be done simultaneously with the evaluation of other journal statistics. Bachelor’s Dissertation Editing Plant Science Editing The individual elected as editor-in-chief is expected to serve in that position for [a defined number of] years. LaTeX Paper Editing Services Making clear and rational editorial decisions will ensure the best selection of content that contributes to the body of scientific knowledge. Only if the editor determines through these basic checks that the paper is significant and meets the journal’s requirements will it be sent on to peer reviewers. For journal publications, ensuring compliance with journal requirements and formatting manuscript accordingly. Top 8 Jobs for a Career in Book Publishing. Available at: Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Explanation and enforcement of authorship disclosure. The details vary by journal, but might include, for example: * A Chief Editor, who takes overall responsibility for the direction of the journal. State in the manuscript, if appropriate, that the research protocol employed was approved by the relevant institutional review boards or ethics committees for human (including human cells or tissues) or animal experiments and that all human subjects provided appropriate informed consent. Report Editing The Council of Science Editors’ endorsement statement of the ICMJE policy regarding clinical trial registration is available at: Kleinert S, Wager E. Responsible research publication: international standards for editors. Publishing editors work in a number of publishing areas. eA sample licensing agreement is available at: https://www.springer.com/gp/authors-editors/book-authors-editors/book-authors-helpdesk/rights-permissions-and-licensing/19392 (Accessed November 11, 2019). Psychology Editing Environmental Science Editing Peer review is usually a gift of uncompensated time from scientists to whom time is a precious commodity. Journals may receive subpoenas for information about manuscripts. National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity. Available at:Â. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). 2008. Concerns of possible scientific misconduct are usually expressed first to the editors of a journal about a manuscript that is under consideration or has already been published. Even if editors are willing to consider content previously posted on preprint servers, journals often require authors to disclose this information at the time of submission. Start a free Workable trial and post your ad on the most popular job … Editors, however, should collaborate with research institutions and other organizations to determine why authorship disputes continue to arise and to work toward solutions.38-43 Sample correspondence related to this topic is available on the CSE website.18. Describe in the manuscript methods section how cultured cell lines were authenticated. Available at: Marcovitch H. Editors, publishers, impact factors, and reprint income. To AUA staff, editorial board, reviewers and authors, as the potential misuse bibliometric. 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